20th-Century Virginia Wrapup
Teacher will read the book: White Socks Only. Students will discuss why some people don't like other people because they are different from them. Teacher will ask questions that continue a gentle conversation of what makes a person different. Is it just color? Is there a way to change the mind's of people like this? Using your mindful thinking, what can we say or do for a person who isn't nice to people who may look or act differently from us? This lesson is a guided class discussion. After the discussion, the class will draw people in every color in our crayon box and hang them in the hallway.
I would like students to do some oral history interviews of people who lived through Civil Rights and segregation and write an essay of how schools were different and how it impacted their lives.
In the classroom, I would examine the history of education equality in Prince Edward County. A timeline would prove useful to show Supreme Court decisions versus the time frame that integration really took place in Virginia. I would, also, have students research the life and work of Maggie Walker. She fought for equality of blacks and women alike.
Part Two: Then bring in Lin's write-up on Rosa Parks & the Montgomery Bus Boycott to show how people can act to get unfair laws changed.
Discuss what are they passionate about and would like to see changed.
It is interesting the variety of industry that Virginia has attracted including factories, coal and computer chips. I was surprised that agriculture is still the largest economic industry accounting for 55 billion. It would be interesting for students to see how Virginia started prospering with agriculture and how that is still such a moneymaker.
If anything, I find it disheartening to teach about the changes that were made in the 20th-century to equalize the racial injustices and yet our society is still struggling with many of the same themes today. This topic, especially this year, has excited many of my students to become opinionated about history. I have never had students so feverous about this topic. I think that there are enough events, movies, media that depict similar issues today that they feel a personal connection to this era.
In order to apply this to my classroom, I would like to think of a way to roleplay the Davis v. Prince Edward County case and the sequential events leading up to the event. I think that a PBL could help describe the process that it took from Barbara John's strike to Brown v. Board of Education in order to enact desegregation. I think that it is important to impress the patience and diligence that it took to create this kind of change in society.
Edward H. Peeples Prince Edward County (Va.) Public Schools
This site from Virginia Commonwealth University features resources related to Prince Edward County Schools, efforts to desegregate the schools after Brown vs. the Board of Education, and the massive resistance response by the district.
School Desegregation in Norfolk, Virginia
This site from Old Dominion University profiles the "Norfolk 17", African American student activists who worked to desegregate Norfolk public schools. The site features teacher resources with connections to Standards of Learning.
Massive Resistance through Political Cartoons
In this video, teacher Stacy Hoeflich and her fourth grade students analyze two political cartoons related to Virginia's massive resistance response to desegregation.